Court of Appeals Opinions



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Appellate Courts will begin transmitting all notices, orders, and opinions electronically.

Beginning no later than July 1, 2011, the appellate courts will send notices, orders, opinions, and correspondence related to pending cases to attorneys in those cases by e-mail rather than postal mail.  All attorneys with pending appellate cases who have not already registered an e-mail address should do so immediately.  Unrepresented parties with pending appellate cases may also participate in this e-notification system by registering an e-mail address.  Please visit the Clerk of Appellate Courts page for instructions on how to register your e-mail address.
 

Opinion Policies

Minnesota Court of Appeals opinions are issued weekly and are available to the public at 10 a.m. CST/CDT every Monday.

On Wednesday of every week, the Court of Appeals will mail a notice that informs counsel, pro se parties, and court personnel associated with a case that an opinion will be released the following Monday.  Opinions are available online or by visiting the Clerk of Appellate Courts, 305 Minnesota Judicial Center, 25 Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd., St. Paul, after the Monday release time.  Copies of the opinions are mailed to involved parties on Mondays.

In certain time-sensitive cases, the Court of Appeals may issue opinions on a business day other than Monday.  In these instances, involved parties will be contacted just prior to the special release.

Please visit the Minnesota State Law Library's Appellate Opinions Archive for previously released Court of Appeals Opinions.

NOTE: If you are having trouble accessing the tabs on your mobile device, you may view all Opinions on a single page.


Published OpinionsBy statute, the Court of Appeals issues a published opinion only in the most important and complex cases. Published opinions include an extensive analysis of the facts and law. They will be considered and used by courts faced with similar issues in the future, and they are published in books found in most law libraries.

DECISIONS OF THE COURT OF APPEALS
FILED Tuesday, January 16, 2018



A17-0827       Julie A. Soderberg, Appellant, vs. Lucas Anderson, Respondent.
           
            St. Louis County District Court, Hon. Dale O. Harris.
            I.  Primary assumption of the risk does not, as a matter of law, bar a claim for personal injury arising out of a skiing or snowboarding collision when a genuine issue of material fact exists as to whether a skier or snowboarder's conduct is so reckless or inept as to be wholly unanticipated.
            II.  Primary assumption of the risk does not, as a matter of law, bar a claim for personal injury when a genuine issue of material fact exists as to whether a skier or snowboarder enlarged the well-known, inherent risks of those activities under circumstances in which a skier is crushed from above.
            Reversed and remanded.  Judge Renee L. Worke.


A17-0408
       William Woischke, et al., Appellants, vs. Stursberg & Fine, Inc., et al., Respondents, John Doe, et al., Defendants.
           
            Pine County District Court, Hon. Krista K. Martin.
            A contract involving illegally conducted business is itself void and unenforceable if the legislature has expressly or implicitly declared its intent that such a contract be illegal. The legislature has expressly and implicitly indicated its intent that a person who contracts to receive a commission or fee to attempt to negotiate a real-estate sale or a loan secured by a mortgage under Minnesota Statutes section 82.55, subdivision 19 (2016), but who lacks a broker's license required by section 82.81, subdivision 1 (2016), has entered into an illegal contract, which is void and unenforceable as to the unlicensed broker as a matter of law.
            Reversed and remanded.  Judge Kevin G. Ross.
            Dissenting, Judge Matthew E. Johnson.


A17-0373
       State of Minnesota, Respondent, vs. Edwin Thomas Curtis, Appellant.
           
            St. Louis County District Court, Hon. James B. Florey.
            A district court determines competency under Minn. R. Crim. P. 20.01, subd. 5(f), based on the greater weight of the evidence without regard to burden of proof.
            Affirmed.  Judge Heidi S. Schellhas.


A17-0705
       James A. Compart, et al., Appellants, vs. Justin J. Wolfstellar, et al., Respondents, Bank of West, Defendant.
           
          Sherburne County District Court, Hon. Thomas D. Hayes.
            I.  An adverse claimant's acceptance of a conveyance of real property from the record title holder, before the statutory period has run, only interrupts his adverse possession if the adverse claimant acknowledges the grantor's superior title in the conveyed interest. 
            II.  A purchaser who obtains title at a mortgage foreclosure sale takes title subject to a prior adverse possession unless, within the applicable statutory period, either the adverse claimant abandons its possession or one with a superior right to possess the real property ejects the adverse claimant.
            Reversed and remanded.  Judge Carol A. Hooten.


A17-0060       Thaleaha McBee, Appellant, vs. Team Industries, Inc., Respondent.
                        Becker County District Court, Hon. Jay D. Carlson.
            I.   The Minnesota Human Rights Act (MHRA) does not require an employer to engage in an interactive process to determine whether an appropriate reasonable accommodation is necessary.
            II.   Where a reprisal claim based on retaliatory discharge mirrors a disability-discrimination claim in both facts and law, a successful serious-threat defense may apply to preclude the retaliatory-based reprisal claim.
            Affirmed.  Judge Peter M. Reyes, Jr.


A17-1108
       State of Minnesota, Appellant, vs. Dejonte Antwon Davis, Respondent.
                        Hennepin County District Court, Hon. Jay Quam.
            A district court cannot require a victim to forgo reasonable restitution for out-of-pocket losses incurred as a result of a crime only because the defendant is in prison and does not have the ability to pay.
            Reversed and remanded.  Judge Lucinda E. Jesson.


A17-0787
       Cosmos E. Eneh, Relator, vs. Minnesota Department of Health, Respondent.                      
                        Minnesota Department of Health.
            The Minnesota Department of Health is not required to remove a finding of physical abuse from the nursing-assistant registry after the nursing assistant's disqualification period under the Minnesota Department of Human Services Background Studies Act (Background Studies Act), Minn. Stat. §§ 245C.01-.34 (2016 & Supp. 2017), has ended.
            Affirmed.  Judge Larry B. Stauber, Jr.*

 
* Retired judge of the Minnesota Court of Appeals, serving by appointment pursuant to Minn. Const. art. VI, § 10.

 
Unpublished OpinionsUnpublished opinions are issued in cases that are less complicated, that involve legal issues that have already been decided in published opinions, or that will affect only the parties to that particular case. These opinions are usually shorter, do not contain extensive discussion of the facts, and are not generally relied on by other courts to the same degree as published opinions.

UNPUBLISHED OPINIONS
FILED Tuesday, January 16, 2018

Pursuant to Minn. Stat. § 480A.08, subd. 3 (2014)



1.         A17-1063
            Larissa Michele Hansen on behalf of Minor Child, petitioner, Respondent, vs. Timothy
            Charles Richter, Appellant.
            Reversed and remanded.  Judge Randolph W. Peterson.
            Isanti County District Court, Hon. James Dehn.

2.         A17-0577
            State of Minnesota, Respondent, vs. Kevin Gachohi, Appellant.
            Affirmed.  Judge Randolph W. Peterson.
            St. Louis County District Court, Hon. Eric Hylden.

3.         A17-0337
            Steven Uhr, Appellant, vs. University of Minnesota, Respondent.
            Affirmed.  Judge Randolph W. Peterson.
            Ramsey County District Court, Hon. Judge Robert Awsumb.

4.         A17-1052
            Joseph Paul Myers, petitioner, Appellant, vs. State of Minnesota, Respondent.
            Affirmed.  Judge Jill Flaskamp Halbrooks.
            Anoka County District Court, Hon. John Dehen.

5.         A17-0519
            In the Matter of:  Emma Marie Welter, petitioner, Respondent, vs. Richard Preston Blackwell, Appellant.
            Affirmed.  Judge Jill Flaskamp Halbrooks.
            Washington County District Court, Hon. Mary E. Hannon.

6.         A17-0324
            State of Minnesota, Respondent, vs. Shane Lee Olson, Appellant.
            Affirmed.  Judge Jill Flaskamp Halbrooks.
            Stearns County District Court, Hon. William J. Cashman.

7.         A17-0572
            Jeff Jaglo, Appellant, vs. Ellen Bach, et al., Respondents.
            Affirmed.  Judge Renee L. Worke.
            Hennepin County District Court, Hon. Laurie J. Miller.

8.         A17-0528
            Peter Christiansen, a minor, by and through his parent and natural guardian, Brad
            Christiansen, Appellant, vs. Kyler Kobus, Respondent, Duluth Amateur Hockey
            Association, Defendant.
            Affirmed.  Judge Renee L. Worke.
            St. Louis County District Court, Hon. Mark A. Munger.

9.         A17-0192
            State of Minnesota, Respondent, vs. Donald Deundre Harris, Jr., Appellant.
            Affirmed.  Judge Renee L. Worke.
            Hennepin County District Court, Hon. Tamara G. Garcia.

10.       A17-0477
            In re the Marriage of:  Amy Lynn Clifton, petitioner, Respondent, vs. Brandon John
            Clifton, Appellant, County of Anoka, intervenor, Respondent.
            Reversed and remanded.  Judge Kevin G. Ross.
            Anoka County District Court, Hon. John Dehen.

11.       A17-0434, A17-0435
            State of Minnesota, Respondent, vs. Cody Robert Schrock, Appellant.
            Affirmed in part, reversed in part, and remanded.  Judge Heidi S. Schellhas.
            Dakota County District Court, Hon. Shawn M. Moynihan.

12.       A17-1405
            In the Matter of the Welfare of the Children of: C. L. C., S. D. G., and C. J. D., Parents.
            Affirmed.  Judge Francis J. Connolly.
            Wright County District Court, Hon. Stephen M. Halsey.

13.       A17-0798
            In the Matter of a Petition for Decertification of an Exclusive Representative for Certain
            Employees of the State of Minnesota.
            Affirmed; motion to strike denied.  Judge Matthew E. Johnson.
            Bureau of Mediation Services.

14.       A17-1090
            In the Matter of the Welfare of the Children of:  R. S. P., Parent.
            Affirmed.  Judge Louise Dovre Bjorkman.
            Blue Earth County District Court, Hon. Bradley C. Walker.

15.       A17-1243
            In the Matter of the Civil Commitment of: Jerome M. Kraskey.
            Affirmed.  Judge John R. Rodenberg.
            Hennepin County District Court, Hon. Elizabeth V. Cutter.

16.       A17-0932
            State of Minnesota, Respondent, vs. Reynaldo NMN Espino, Appellant.
            Affirmed.  Judge John R. Rodenberg.
            Aitkin County District Court, Hon. David F Hermerding.

17.       A17-0739
            Souhsiung Jack Chiu, Appellant, vs. Timbershore Home Owners' Association, defendant
            and third party plaintiff, Respondent, vs. New Horizon Homes, Inc., Third Party
            Defendant.
            Affirmed in part and remanded.  Judge John R. Rodenberg.
            Dakota  County District Court, Hon. Michael J. Mayer.

18.       A17-0652
            State of Minnesota, Respondent, vs. David Michael Bigham, Appellant.
            Affirmed.  Judge John R. Rodenberg.
            Ramsey County District Court, Hon. Thomas Gilligan, Jr.

19.       A17-1289
            In the Matter of the Welfare of the Child of:  S. A. P., Parent.
            Affirmed.  Judge Carol A. Hooten.
            Crow Wing County District Court, Hon. David  J. Teneyck.

20.       A17-0480
            Nathan Mead, Appellant, vs. BNSF Railway Company, Respondent.
            Reversed and remanded.  Judge Carol A. Hooten.
            Hennepin County District Court, Hon. Joseph R. Klein.

21.       A17-0882
            Robert P. Ivers, Appellant, vs. Cub Foods, Respondent.
            Affirmed.  Judge Michael L. Kirk.
            Hennepin County District Court, Hon. Daniel H. Mabley.

22.       A17-0849
            Aquarius Holdings, LLC, Respondent, vs. City of Walker, Appellant.
            Reversed.  Judge Michael L. Kirk.
            Cass County District Court, Hon. Janna M. Austad.

23.       A17-0525
            State of Minnesota, Respondent, vs. Gerald Robinson, Appellant.
            Affirmed.  Judge Michael L. Kirk.
            Clay County District Court, Hon. Judge Gretchen Thilmony.

24.       A17-0282
            State of Minnesota, Respondent, vs. Christopher Cory Wiedeman, Appellant.
            Affirmed.  Judge Lucinda E. Jesson.
            Clay County District Court, Hon. Michelle W. Lawson.

25.       A17-0242
            State of Minnesota, Respondent, vs. Ricardo Ramirez, Appellant.
            Affirmed.  Judge Lucinda E. Jesson.
            Steele County District Court, Hon. Joseph A. Bueltel.

26.       A17-1245
            David Homick, Appellant, vs. Bozena Hellem, Respondent.
            Reversed and remanded.  Judge Tracy M. Smith.
            St. Louis County District Court, Hon. David M. Johnson.

27.       A17-0721
            Ludwig P. Samson, Trustee for the Heirs and Next of Kin of Christine R. Samson,
            deceased, Appellant, vs. Jack W. Gordon, M. D., Respondent, Essentia Health d/b/a
            Virginia Convalescent Center and/or f/k/a Virginia Regional Medical Center; et al.,
            Respondents.
            Affirmed.  Judge Tracy M. Smith.
            St. Louis County District Court, Hon. Judge Jill Eichenwald.

28.       A17-0555
            Justin Warren, Appellant, vs. Richard Dinter, et al., Respondents.
            Affirmed; motion denied.  Judge Tracy M. Smith.
            Dissenting, Judge Carol A. Hooten.
            St. Louis County District Court, Hon. Gary J. Pagliaccetti.

29.       A17-0306
            State of Minnesota, Respondent, vs. Jameson Damarus Smith, Appellant.
            Affirmed.  Judge Tracy M. Smith.
            Steele County District Court, Hon. Karen R Duncan.

30.       A17-0973
            State of Minnesota, Appellant vs. Yusef Abdi Ali, Respondent.
            Affirmed.  Judge Diane B. Bratvold.
            Ramsey County District Court, Hon. Nicole J. Starr.

31.       A17-0478
            Troy Kenneth Scheffler, Appellant, vs. 2008 Chevrolet Motor Vehicle, VIN
            KL1TD66688B011495, Respondent.
            Affirmed.  Judge Diane B. Bratvold.
            Anoka County District Court, Hon. Sean C. Gibbs.

32.       A17-1258
            In the Matter of the Welfare of the Child of: A. K., Parent.
            Affirmed.  Judge James B. Florey.
            Ramsey County District Court, Hon. Teresa R. Warner.

33.       A17-0280
            State of Minnesota, Respondent, vs. Michael Gene Southern, Appellant.
            Affirmed.  Judge John P. Smith.*
            Aitkin County District Court, Hon. John R. Solien.

34.       A17-0043
            State of Minnesota, Respondent, vs. Robert Darrell Boettcher, Appellant.
            Affirmed.  Judge Larry B. Stauber, Jr.*
            Meeker County District Court, Hon. Stephanie L. Beckman.

35.       A17-0682
            In the Matter of the Administrative Citation:  RFS 16-1206097, October 18, 2016,
            3518 Logan Avenue North, Issued to:  Larry Naber.
            Affirmed.  Judge Edward Toussaint, Jr.*
            Minneapolis Department of Regulatory Services.

 
* Retired judge of the Minnesota Court of Appeals, serving by appointment pursuant to Minn. Const. art. VI, § 10.
Order OpinionsCases that involve a few simple issues may be decided by order opinions, which include little discussion of the facts of the case and a brief analysis of the laws that are involved.

RECENT ORDER OPINIONS
January 16, 2018


 
1.         A17-0170
            Michael Robert Robinson, petitioner, Appellant, vs. State of Minnesota, Respondent.
            Reversed and remanded.  Judge Michael L. Kirk.
            Hennepin County District Court, Hon. Tanya Mozell.

2.         A17-0907
            Stephen Peterson, Jr., Relator, vs. City of Gilbert, Respondent.
            Affirmed and remanded.  Judge John P. Smith.*
            City of Gilbert.
 
* Retired judge of the Minnesota Court of Appeals, serving by appointment pursuant to Minn. Const. art. VI, § 10.
 

NO SPECIAL RELEASE OPINIONS FILED

Opinion SetsOpinion sets contain all published, unpublished, and order opinions. The sets are compressed into files that must be unpacked before opening them.

Opinion Sets For Opinions
Filed Tuesday, January 16, 2018

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