Prosecutor Files Petition
The State files a Petition or Citation in District Court stating the alleged charge.
Juvenile and Parents/Guardians Receive Summons
Most delinquency cases filed in District Court begin with the child and their parent(s)/guardian(s) being "summoned"
by U.S. Mail to appear in court to respond to allegations in the Petition or Citation. If the child was detained in a secure facility, s/he will be brought to court within 36 hours of the date of the arrest.
Felony Charges Require Fingerprinting
If the child has been charged with a felony level offense, the child must be fingerprinted prior to his or her first court appearance. Each new felony case requires fingerprinting, even if the child has been fingerprinted on prior cases.
First Court Appearance and Legal Counsel
At the time of the first court appearance, the parent/guardian may apply for the services of a court-appointed attorney if the level of offense qualifies. Court-appointed attorneys are not
available for petty misdemeanor charges. For misdemeanor, gross misdemeanor, and felony matters, the parents of the child may complete an application for a court-appointed attorney. The judge will review the application prior to the court appearance to determine eligibility. If the parents do not qualify for a court-appointed attorney, they may hire a private attorney at their own expense. Go to Find a Lawyer.
Finding of Delinquency
If the charge is proven in court, the court may make a finding of delinquency and the child may be adjudicated as "delinquent."
"Extended Jurisdiction Juvenile " until Age 21
Juvenile criminal matters may include "Extended Jurisdiction Juvenile" (EJJ)
where the child may have a "stayed"
(postponed or delayed) adult sentence until the child's 21st birthday, and the child is then placed on extended probation. (See MN Rule of Juvenile Court Procedure #19
and Minn. Stat. § 260B.130